How Do Tiers Work?

How Do Tiers Work
Updated: 03/12/2022 by Computer Hope Popularized by gamers, a tier list is a visualization of someone’s subjective ranking of members of a related group. For example, a Super Smash Bros fan could make a tier list of their favorite characters in high tiers, and their least favorite characters in low tiers.

  • They could also rank these same characters based on other qualities, such as their power level or usefulness in a fight.
  • Tier lists became a popular trend among YouTubers and Twitch streamers, who ranked everything from movie characters to fast food restaurants.
  • The striped template with colored boxes, as pictured on this page, were found across every corner of the Internet during the peak of tier list popularity.

Today, tier lists are still commonly used to showcase opinions by ranking things.

How does a tier list work?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia An example of a tier list, ranking fruits, Higher tiers, marked with letters inspired by grading in education, represent a more favorable ranking. A tier list is a concept in video game culture where playable characters or other in-game elements are subjectively ranked by their respective viability as part of a list.

  • Characters listed high on a tier list of a specific game are considered to be powerful characters compared to lower-scoring characters, and are therefore more likely to be used in high-level competitive settings like tournaments.
  • Tier lists are a popular method of classifying the cast of playable characters in fighting games such as the Street Fighter and Super Smash Bros.

series; multiplayer online battle arena titles such as League of Legends and Dota series; hero shooter titles such as Overwatch and Apex Legends ; and action role-playing games with playable party members like Genshin Impact, Tier lists have been used to rank elements from other subjects aside from video games, such as films, sports teams, logos, animals, elements of tabletop games and private housing estates,

What does Z tier mean?

Z tier = Broken or Best in Role.

Why do tiers have s?

The tier system is based on the American grading system, but the S rank was borrowed from the Japanese grading system. While S is most often used in a pass/fail context to indicate ‘satisfactory’ performance in the U.S., the Japanese school systems added an S rank above A to allow a wider spectrum of possible grades.

What does tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 mean?

Home Blog What is the difference between Tier 1, 2, and 3 suppliers and why do they matter?

Avetta x Sustain.Life Partnership This blog post has been adapted from Sustain.Life’s original, Within a supply chain, there are multiple tiers of suppliers, based on an organization’s closeness to the client organization or the final product. Having various tiers in a supply chain sounds complicated and can be, but it also enables companies to specialize in one area and contract out the rest.

Often, organizations focus on tier 1 suppliers but tend to overlook their tier 2 and 3 suppliers. Although further removed from an organization, tier 2 and 3 suppliers are still connected to the client organization, meaning these suppliers can still bring with them risk and liability which can affect the hiring organization in a variety of ways, from reputation damage to costly litigation.

Although not all organizations create physical materials, we will illustrate the different tiers with a physical product example: Tier 3- raw material: cotton from a cotton plant farm (Tier 3 is not necessarily a raw material every time. We’re just pointing out that this example is a raw material.) Tier 2- cotton fabric mill (The cotton fabric is made from the cotton plants.) Tier 1- final product: a company that creates cotton t-shirts (The t-shirt is made from cotton fabric.) Tier 1 Suppliers: These are direct suppliers of the final product. Tier 2 suppliers: These are suppliers or subcontractors for your tier 1 suppliers.

  1. Tier 3 suppliers: These are suppliers or subcontractors for your tier 2 suppliers.
  2. These tiers can extend longer than three.
  3. The tiers extend as much as needed for hiring companies, depending on how many levels of suppliers or subcontractors are needed in the supply chain to create the product or service.

Why should I know my suppliers? Knowing your suppliers can be useful for a variety of reasons:

Quality control — The further removed a supplier is from your organization, the harder it is to maintain quality if you don’t have the right controls in place. Ethics concerns — Do you know if your suppliers are involved with inhumane working conditions, human trafficking, or other unethical behaviors? Legal ramifications —Did you know you could be held liable for your contractors if they aren’t compliant with current labor laws? Social Responsibility — Are your suppliers sustainable, socially responsible, diverse, and inclusive? Do you know their ESG Index? How are your scope 3 emissions? Cybersecurity — Your company could have the strictest of digital security protocols, but if an insecure third party accesses your system, a breach is very possible.

At Avetta, we know how complicated it can be to manage a supply chain. With our supply chain management software, you can enjoy the peace of mind of greater compliance and decreased liability and risk. We can pinpoint ways to improve your suppliers’ compliance (or help you find better ones) through our prequalification process, training, audits, and real-time insights.

Is tier 1 or Tier 2 better?

Key Takeaways –

Under Basel III, a bank’s tier 1 and tier 2 assets must be at least 10.5% of its risk-weighted assets, up from 8% under Basel II.    Tier 1 capital is the primary funding source of the bank.Tier 1 capital consists of shareholders’ equity and retained earnings. Tier 2 capital includes revaluation reserves, hybrid capital instruments and subordinated term debt, general loan-loss reserves, and undisclosed reserves.Tier 2 capital is considered less reliable than Tier 1 capital because it is more difficult to accurately calculate and more difficult to liquidate.

What is the S tier ranking thing?

You might also see ‘S’ at the very top of a tier list, which stands for ‘super.’ You might also see more playful rankings like ‘god tier’ at the very top and ‘everything else’ at the bottom.

What is 0 tier?

Tier 0 is defined as a single-site data center that does not back up data or, if data is backed up, backups are left on site. The data center does not have a disaster recovery plan or backup hardware and software.

What does tier v mean?

LAFPP Tier 5 is a “defined benefit” plan that provides pension benefits based upon final average pay and years of service. This plan includes service, disability, and survivor pension benefits as well as retiree health insurance subsidies to eligible sworn members and certain qualified survivors,

What is tier 11 a?

Tier 11-A (High Hypoverse level): Characters who demonstrate power equivalent to destroying/creating existentially inferior 2-D level constructs of any size, or 1 level of infinity/degree of reality/fiction transcendence or similar beneath a 3-D reality. Trending pages All items (5) Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.

See also:  Welche Tiere Leben Im Efeu?

What is tier level 7-a?

Tier 7-A (Mountain level): Characters/Weapons who can destroy a mountain, or those who can easily harm characters with mountain level durability.

What is 7 C tier?

Tier 7-C (Town level): Characters who can destroy a town, or those who can easily harm characters with town level durability.

Why is Tier 2 better than tier 1?

The Role of Tier 2 Support in an Organization – The role of Tier 2 support is to provide more complex troubleshooting for issues that could not be resolved by Tier 1 support. In some cases, they will need to escalate these issues to Tier 3 support. However, they may also be able to resolve the issue without escalation, saving valuable resources.

Is tier 1 lower than Tier 3?

What Is Tier 3 Capital? – Tier 3 capital is tertiary capital, which many banks hold to support their market risk, commodities risk, and foreign currency risk, derived from trading activities. Tier 3 capital includes a greater variety of debt than tier 1 and tier 2 capital but is of a much lower quality than either of the two.

Is Tier 3 better than Tier 4?

Data center tiers are a classification system, ascending 1, 2, 3, and 4 – with some operators even pushing for 5 – that are used to evaluate data center facilities, in a consistent way, regarding their potential site infrastructure availability, also known as uptime,

  1. Specifically, the tier ratings stipulate what a data center is able to offer in terms of redundancy and resiliency, as well as how much potential downtime a customer could experience over the course of a year.
  2. As a general rule, the difference between data center tiers is that tier 1 offers no redundancy of any critical system, tier 2 has partial redundancy in their electrical & HVAC systems, tier 3 contains dual redundancy for power & cooling equipment, and tier 4 possesses fully redundant infrastructure.

Data centers are commonly rated by the Uptime Institute, an independent organization, which has issued over 2,500 certifications to data centers in more than 110 countries. The Uptime Institute ranks data centers through four distinct tier certification levels: Tier I, Tier II, Tier III, and Tier IV.

What is tier system?

Tier refers to a series of rows or layers or a level or grade in the hierarchy of an organization or system. A tier structure describes a system with distinct levels or layers. In the arrangement of a tier system, one level must be completed or accomplished before another commences.

Is Tier 2 higher than Tier 3?

Assessment Factors – Three primary assessment differences between Tier 2 and 3 are (1) the use of individual versus group diagnostic information, (2) the frequency of progress monitoring, and (3) the use of a comprehensive assessment framework at Tier 3.

Individual versus group diagnostic information. Many of the same types of assessments are used across Tier 2 and Tier 3 (i.e., universal screening to inform initial tier assignment, progress monitoring and mastery assessments to inform student learning, summative assessments to inform intervention effectiveness, and fidelity measures to determine implementation; Hosp, 2008).

However, the level of analysis may differ, depending on the protocol adopted. A protocol guides schools’ thinking about who gets which level of support and when they are assigned and modified (Tilly, 2008). One protocol used by schools is the “combined protocol,” which specifies that standard interventions and group problem-solving are used at Tier 2, and individually designed interventions and individual problem solving are used at Tier 3 (Tilly, 2008).

  1. With group problem-solving, the common instructional need is identified among students needing Tier 2 support using brief diagnostic assessments.
  2. For example, if oral reading fluency is used as a screening assessment, an assessor can determine a student’s rate (i.e., number of words read correctly in 1 minute) and accuracy (i.e., percentage of words read correctly) when reading connected text.

From there, educators can identify what skills within reading to focus on (e.g., inaccurate and slow readers are provided general reading instruction, whereas accurate and slow readers are provided fluency instruction). As another example, imagine a grade-level team that analyzed the results of a common assessment used in reading for their 2nd graders.

The results revealed that for students who received Tier 2, only 22% of them have mastered r -controlled vowels. Accordingly, a focus of decoding lessons in Tier 2 would include r -controlled vowels. This group level of problem analysis can help schools efficiently group larger numbers of students into appropriate levels of supports by pinpointing a common missing skill (or skills) to target during Tier 2.

As an analogy, imagine a health clinic that wants to identify the most frequent health concern expressed by its patients. Analyzing initial complaints from patients, the clinic discovers that a good portion of their patients frequently experience cold and flu symptoms.

  1. Instead of meeting with each patient separately and developing an individualized plan, the clinic targets those patients’ needs all at once by providing a group-oriented intervention (a Tier 2 intervention).
  2. The clinic decides to share brochures on how to prevent spreading germs (e.g., washing hands frequently, covering mouth when coughing), passes out free hand sanitizer to those patients and to community venues (e.g., local grocery stores, coffee shops), and provides an on-call nurse to field questions for those individuals who have cold symptoms.

In this scenario, the clinic analyzed common areas of need at the group level among its patients needing “Tier 2,” without investing resources in analyzing individual patients’ complaints. At Tier 3, the unit of analysis moves from the group to the individual student.

As opposed to group analysis, educators use individualized diagnostic assessments to evaluate the exact skills a student has and does not have rather than the skills a group of students have and do not have. In an RTI process, diagnostic does not refer to diagnosing a disability; it refers to analyzing the instructional situation and student’s skills in order to plan for intervention.

Diagnostic assessments are those that assess discrete skills, such as identifying the specific letter patterns a student can and cannot read well or which multiplication tables a student has mastered (Hosp, 2008). Returning to the health clinic analogy, at Tier 3, the clinic would focus on one particular patient.

  • Imagine that one patient has a recurring cough and the typical “first line” of treatment (the Tier 2 example described above) did not work.
  • From there, the clinic may draw blood to pinpoint a more aggressive approach.
  • The clinic may also conduct an interview with the patient, asking questions about the patient’s day-to-day activities, and observe the patient taking deep breaths.

The results of such an evaluation would inform the doctors about the individualized course of action to take. In our case, the patient with a recurring cough had a bacterial infection. Low and behold, a round of intense antibiotics has gotten this patient back to full health.

  1. With RTI, the goal is similar: to get students back to full educational health.
  2. Frequency of progress monitoring.
  3. Another assessment difference between Tier 2 and Tier 3 is the frequency with which students are progress monitored.
  4. Students receiving Tier 2 support are monitored once per month or twice per month, compared to weekly or twice a week at Tier 3 (Brown-Chidsey & Steege, 2010).
See also:  Warum Sterben Tiere An Plastik?

Usually, students at Tier 2 are monitored monthly, but some suggest monitoring every 2 weeks (Kaminski, Cumming, Powell-Smith, & Good, 2008) or weekly monitoring (Johnson, Mellard, Fuchs, & McKnight, 2006). Progress monitoring at Tier 3 is more frequent, but relative to the frequency of monitoring at Tier 2.

  1. If monthly monitoring occurs at Tier 2, then biweekly or weekly monitoring occurs for students in Tier 3 (Harn et al., 2007; Vaughn et al., 2007).
  2. The guiding principle is that, as the need of the student increases, so does the attention and responsiveness of the staff.
  3. The increase in data collection at Tier 3 reflects the urgency of the student’s educational need and allows the staff to make decisions regarding instruction more frequently (e.g., every 2 months instead of once per quarter) In deciding upon the frequency of progress monitoring, schools have to consider the number of data points needed.

The validity of the slope (i.e., rate of improvement or rate of growth) depends on the number of data points that comprise it (Kennedy, 2005), and anywhere from 8 to 14 data points are needed to make a valid judgment of a student’s growth (Christ, Zopluoglu, Long, & Monaghen, 2012).

  1. Consequently, schools may face a conundrum when the intervention has been implemented for a reasonable amount of time, yet the data is not sufficient to make a valid decision.
  2. For example, an intervention may have been implemented for 20 weeks, but monthly monitoring has resulted in only five data points.

In such a scenario, schools have three options:

  1. School staff can obviously increase the amount of progress monitoring to ensure they have at least eight data points in order to make a decision (e.g., collect data at least three more times to obtain at least eight data points).
  2. School staff may wish to administer more than one probe during progress-monitoring occasions. Instead of administering one oral reading fluency probe, for example, educators can administer three probes and record the mean or median. When less than weekly monitoring is used, multiple administrations of probes during a progress-monitoring occasion and using the median score provide for a more valid data point (Christ et al., 2012). This can decrease the rate of monitoring required to have sufficient data for accurate decisions from conducting weekly monitoring for several months to conducting weekly monitoring for 3–9 weeks (Christ et al., 2012).
  3. School staff can consider the data itself. Guidelines for progress monitoring are not hard and fast rules, because the number of data points needed depends in part on the amount of variability within the data. Specifically, the more variability within the data, the greater the number of data points needed to get a valid picture of the student’s growth (Kennedy, 2005). Conversely, lower variability in the data indicates more precision in measurement and, thus, less need for more data points (although it’s usually difficult to argue for fewer data points). When evaluating a student’s growth rate, an educator should be able to look at the graph and judge, with reasonable confidence, where the next data point will land. If one cannot judge that, then more data are needed until the educator can judge where the next data point will fall with reasonable confidence. Schools could easily encounter situations in which fewer than eight data points provide a clear indication that the intervention is not sufficient for the student and, thus, more data are not needed to make a decision (see Figure 1). To summarize, schools will have to consider intervention time, progress-monitoring schedules, variability within the data, and certain decision deadlines (e.g., end of term or school year) to ensure they have sufficient data to make accurate decisions about student progress.

Figure 1. Illustration of variability within data. Note : For Student 1, the data indicate that the student’s next data point can be predicted with reasonable confidence, whereas for Student 2, more data is needed. Both examples have fewer than eight data points.

  1. Assessment framework.
  2. A final difference with assessment between Tier 2 and Tier 3 is the use of a framework to structure the intensity and explicitness of decision making that corresponds with Tier 3 (Christ, 2008; Howell & Nolet, 2000).
  3. Whereas Tier 2 assessment is largely at the group-level, Tier 3 assessment is at the individual level.

Thus, assessment at Tier 3 requires a much more comprehensive, thorough, and intensive approach. To accomplish this, assessment at Tier 3 is organized within the RIOT/ICEL framework. RIOT and ICEL are acronyms for the type of assessments and instructional domains to analyze, respectively, when making decisions about individual students’ achievement.

ICEL includes instruction (how new skills are taught and reinforced), curriculum (what is being taught), environment (where the instruction takes place), and learner (the recipient of the skills being taught). RIOT includes review (reviewing existing data, permanent products, attendance records, lessons plans, etc.) that inform the evaluator about the state of affairs, interviews (structured, semi-structured, and unstructured methods of assessment that involve question–answer formats) observations (directly observing the instructional settings and the student’s engagement during learning tasks to examine when and where the problem is most and least likely to occur), and test (the administration of formal and informal tests).

The RIOT methods are used to obtain information about ICEL (Christ, 2008; Howell & Nolet, 2000). RIOT and ICEL are best viewed as an organizing rubric that can guide the specifics of problem analysis (see Table 2). Table 2: Examples of Sources of Information and Assessment Methods Within the RIOT and ICEL Framework to Support Achievement in Tier 3

Review Interview Observe Test

Examine permanent product, lesson plans to assess prior strategies and instructional demands

Interview educator(s) for philosophy and perception of student issues

  • Conduct direct observations to document critical elements of practices
  • Identify antecedents and consequences of behavior

Use checklists, scales, etc. to measure effective practices

  • Review lesson plans and learning objectives to determine match with student’s skills
  • Analyze curriculum materials to understand scope and sequence, amount of review, etc.

Interview educator(s) for understanding of curriculum, training received, expectations about pacing, etc.

  • Examine permanent products to determine alignment with objectives
  • Observe clarity of objectives and student’s completion of them

Assess difficulty of materials compared to student’s instructional level


Review lesson plans on behavioral expectations; school rules and policies to understand climate; and seating charts to determine distractions

  • Interview educator(s) to assess rules and routines
  • Talk with students to describe climate, rules, etc.

Observe school and classroom climate and interactions among staff and students

Compare student’s performance between different settings to assess impact of environment

  • Review records to assess previous history and learning, attendance
  • Examine permanent products to assess response to previous instruction

Interview student to describe perception of problem, coping methods, etc.

Observe target skills and behavior

Use a variety of tests to assess student’s skill level and behavior

See also:  Was Ist Das Gefährlichste Tier?

Note: The term educator is used to refer to all relevant personnel who work with the student. Adapted from Christ, 2008 and Howell & Nolet, 2000 to depict Tier 3 implementation of RIOT/ICEL. Depending on the hypothesis to test and the intensity of student need, an evaluation may only involve a few “cells” or several of the cells; the more severe the problem, the more areas to be assessed using the framework.

  1. The purpose of ICEL is to collect information that has high instructional relevance and pertains to controllable factors (Christ, 2008; Howell & Nolet, 2000).
  2. Because the student receiving instruction has not benefited from Tier 1 or Tier 2, much more time is spent analyzing the instructional environment to identify ways to correct the problem compared to students receiving Tier 2.

This is not to say that certain instructional domains or cells in the RIOT/ICEL rubric are ignored at Tier 2, but the comprehensive and individualized assessment within RIOT/ICEL at Tier 3 reflects the increase in need and resources from Tier 2 to Tier 3.

Why is Tier 2 better than tier 1?

The Role of Tier 2 Support in an Organization – The role of Tier 2 support is to provide more complex troubleshooting for issues that could not be resolved by Tier 1 support. In some cases, they will need to escalate these issues to Tier 3 support. However, they may also be able to resolve the issue without escalation, saving valuable resources.

Is tier 1 lower than Tier 3?

What Is Tier 3 Capital? – Tier 3 capital is tertiary capital, which many banks hold to support their market risk, commodities risk, and foreign currency risk, derived from trading activities. Tier 3 capital includes a greater variety of debt than tier 1 and tier 2 capital but is of a much lower quality than either of the two.

What order does the tier list go in?

On April 25, 2019 YouTuber Ian “iDubbbz” Carter posted a video ranking 19 popular fast food joints from best to worst. His fast food tier list currently has over 4.5 million views. A flurry of popular YouTubers weighed in on the fast food debate in the days following, drawing millions of eyeballs to channels that don’t usually feature food-related videos.

  1. The same formula was replicated by Twitch streamers, which led to a ranking renaissance with online personalities rated everything from former U.S.
  2. Presidents to other YouTubers’ tier lists,
  3. But the internet’s newfound tier list obsession never would have happened if not for gamers.
  4. The communities around competitive video games have been creating tier lists long before the ranking system went viral.

Gamers use the color-coated, “Top, Mid, and Bottom Tier” format to order the strength of playable characters, and these rankings are typically based on each character’s performance at the highest level of play. Tier lists are meant to give some semblance of order in games with enormous character rosters, like League of Legends or Super Smash Bros.

Ultimate, But much like their fast food counterparts, the exact order of any gaming tier lists is ultimately subjective, making these rankings a flashpoint in the video game community. Through the years, gamers’ obsession with tier lists bled into other forms of media but have still kept their multi-colored, unifying visual style.

There are now tier lists about everything from Marvel superhero power rankings to YouTube channel TierZoo, which ranks real-life animals (it’s just as awesome as it sounds). But none of these would have ever existed if it wasn’t for fighting game fans.

Who is tier 1 and Tier 2?

How To Claim Tax Benefits for Tier 1 And Tier 2 If you’re keen on finding out how to claim the National Pension Scheme (NPS) tax benefits on your Tier I and Tier II accounts, this article is for you. NPS is a great tax-saving and long-term investment tool.

One of the prime advantages of retirement planning through NPS is that along with saving for your post-retirement years; you also get to enjoy tax benefits. Let’s take a close look at the NPS tax saving advantages. NPS is a government-sponsored scheme with the dual benefits of retirement planning and tax saving.

It is managed by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). The primary objective of the is to aid investors in building a sizeable retirement corpus. Any citizen of India between 18 and 60 years of age can invest in NPS. There are two types of NPS accounts – Tier I and Tier II.

While NPS Tier I is well-suited for retirement planning, Tier II NPS accounts act as a voluntary savings account. Tier I NPS investment is a long-term one and the amount cannot be withdrawn until retirement. This is not the case with Tier II NPS accounts.Now that we have seen the difference between Tier I and Tier II NPS accounts, it’s time to explore the different NPS scheme tax benefits.

Under Section 80CCD (1) of the Income-Tax Act, NPS offers a tax exemption of up to Rs.1.5 lakh. In case a company provides an NPS facility, the employer’s contribution to NPS offers a tax rebate of up to 10% of the salary (basic plus DA) under Section 80CCD(2).For salaried individuals who have claimed tax exemption of Rs.1.5 lakh under Section 80C, NPS offers scope for additional tax savings.

  1. Both salaried and self-employed NPS account holders with an investment of up to Rs.50,000 qualify for an additional tax exemption under Section 80CCD (1B) of the Income-Tax Act.
  2. However, this additional deduction under Section 80CCD (1B) applies only to Tier I NPS account holders.
  3. Unlike a Tier I NPS account, Tier II NPS accounts do not qualify for a tax rebate under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.When it comes to NPS tax benefits, another point to remember is that the deduction under Section 80CCD (1) is available to both salaried individuals and non-salaried individuals.

However, for salaried professionals, the maximum deduction allowed under Section 80CCD (1) is 10% of the salary for that year. On the other hand, for non-salaried individuals, it is 20% of their total gross income for that year.With this information of the NPS Income Tax benefit in your kitty, we are sure you will be able to grow your wealth and save on tax at the same time! Read more on the here.